Sunday, July 22, 2012

The Day After The Sabbath 73: Hammond Lord [hammond organ special]

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As most of you will know by now, Jon Lord, original keyboardist with Deep Purple, passed away recently. Sad and thought-provoking news as it always is when rock gods leave us, I realised it was the perfect time, by way of some tribute, to finish off the hammond organ and keyboard comp I've been formulating for a while. Having now received the inspiration for it's theme and last, fitting track, here is 73: Hammond Lord. A collection of tracks with wicked hammond organ.

No doubt many of the bands here would have sounded very different if it were not for Jon Lord, one of the founding and longest-standing members of Deep Purple. He took an instrument that was originally designed as a cheaper alternative to church pipe organs, and pushed it to the limits with classically-trained skills and mega-amplification. The guitar's total domination of hard rock was gone for ever.

Where better to begin than with the track that boasts the talents of the man himself? 'Santa Barbara Machine Head' were a band put together briefly to record some jams for Immediate Record's series of blues albums called "Blues Anytime". "Santa Barbara Machine Head" featured Jon Lord, Ronnie Wood (guitar), John 'Twink' Alder (drums) and Kim Gardner (bass). You are right to recognise those names, 1967 was the year and these guys were just starting their careers, or had already been in some successful bands by that time. Wood (later of the Stones) and Kim were both in The Birds and The Creation, Twink would go on to bands including The Pretty Things and The Pink Fairies.

Birth Control's track is taken from their third album, 1972's Hoodoo Man, and Wolfgang Neuser was the keys man here. Starting out as it means to go on with the sound of air raid explosions, plenty of rock solid hammond riffs follow. To me, this sounds like Tony Iommi playing hammond...which can't be bad!

The third track is from the UK band Aadvark. Early on they included Paul Kossof and Simon Kirke who later went on to Free, but when they recorded 'Copper Sunset' they had changed to a keyboard-lead prog act with Steve Milliner (previously of Black Cat Bones) providing the fuzzed-up hammond riffs. Copenhagen's Pocket-Size first appeared on my last comp and unfortunately there is very little known about them, their only recordings were retrospectively released by Frost Records in recent times and 'In One Or Another Condition' shows their solid skills with some big stoned chops, ably assisted by great hammond.

Waterloo were a Belgian band that have cropped up here before in my Belgian comp, and they more than deserve credit for their intricate multi instrumental hard prog, often lead by plenty of awesome hammond.

Gudny Aspaas (Ruphus)
Ruphus are a rarity for TDATS, as they are from Norway, a country quite severely lacking here so far. Rest assured that I will redress that balance at some time, and in the mean-time take in this blinding track featuring the amazing vocal power of songstress Gudny Aspaas, accompanied by some hard as nails prog riffs. Tortilla Flat were a German act who made one album, though the track I used here, 'Life', was first aired as a single in 1970. Guitarist Michael Koch would later be in Jeronimo who I used way back on Vol5.

London's Quatermass (taking their name from a BBC science-fiction series) had a link to Deep Purple. All three of them had and would play in Ian Gillan-related projects like Episode 6 and Gillan. Their prog sounds were confident and accomplished right from the off and were in some ways fairly ahead of their time for 1970. Plenty of innovative electronic embellishment went along with Peter Robinson's keys and hammond. Unfortunately they didn't market well and only made one album, but they definitely had the talent and scope to become established.

8 Track
Conversely, Colorado's Sugarloaf were a less interesting, radio-friendly band who had enough success from a couple of singles to make 4 albums. I guess there's a good indicator of the power of american radio. Their biggest hit 'Green Eyed Lady', while musically proficient and slick, played it pretty safe, and I was about to give up on researching them when the scathing guitar introducing 'Hot Water' suddenly jumped out at me from their second album 'Spaceship Earth'. The riff was followed satisfyingly by cool hammond and I was delighted to find another unexpected, worthy inclusion.

Eyes Of Blue were Welsh, and one of those incredibly important bands that seemed to be a breeding ground for an entire country's rock history, as I found making the Welsh Vol56. Q III was a single b-side from 1969 with lots of great psychedelic hammond.

Pacific Sound
Berlin's Murphy Blend made one album in 1970 and the excellently named Wolf-Rüdiger Uhlig was the keys man. Bass player Andreas Scholz would later go on to Blackwater Park, who recorded one of my favourite tracks of all time, the mind-numbingly epic "Rock Song". Pacific Sound, from Neuchâtel, emerged from the Swiss ballroom covers-band scene and managed to record one album of mostly originals before calling it a day. The hard-edged tracks like Forget Your Dream had a distinctive fresh sound, and were quite manic.

Attila just had to be included here! Some of you may know that it was a one-album band that featured a very young Billy Joel on heavily distorted hammond, along with friend Jon Small, after they had both left The Hassles. Definitely aiming for shock value, they had a kind of proto-Manowar album cover, with decidedly smaller biceps of course! Billy describes them thus: "End of the sixties, I was in a two-man group. We were heavy metal, we were going to destroy the world with amplification, we had titles like 'Godzilla', 'March of the Huns', 'Brain Invasion'. A lot of people think [I] just came out of the piano bar... I did a lot of heavy metal for a while. We had about a dozen gigs and nobody could stay in the room when we were playing. It was too loud. We drove people literally out of clubs. It was great, but we can't stay in the club."

The Trip
The compilation ends on another link to Deep Purple. The Trip were a London band, started by an Italian called Riki Maiocchi. They recruited Ritchie Blackmore right at the start and soon moved to Italy. Blackmore quit and came back to the UK in time to join Deep Purple. By the time they recorded their debut, most original members were gone (including Riki Maiocchi) and they had mutated into one of Italy's first hard progressive bands. "Caronte [Part 1]" features incredible use of hammond by the talented Joe Vescovi, as atmospheric in some parts as he is heavy in others.

01. Santa Barbara Machine Head - Rubber Monkey (1967)
       from album 'blues anytime vol. 3'
02. Birth Control - Buy! (1972)
       from album 'hoodoo man'
03. Aardvark - Copper Sunset (1970)
       from album 'aardvark'
04. Pocket-Size - Opus III (1970)
       from retrospective 'in one or another condition'
05. Waterloo - Why May I Not Know (1970)
       from album 'first battle'
06. Ruphus - Trapped In A Game (1973)
       from album 'new born day'
07. Tortilla Flat - Life (1970)
08. Quatermass - Up On The Ground (1970)
       from album 'quatermass'
09. Sugarloaf - Hot Water (1971)
       from album 'spaceship earth'
10. Eyes Of Blue - Q III (1969)
11. Murphy Blend - At First (1970)
       from album 'first loss'
12. Pacific Sound - Forget Your Dream (1971)
       from album 'forget your dream!'
13. Attila - Holy Moses (1970)
       from album 'attila'
14. The Trip - Caronte [Part 1] (1971)
       from album 'caronte'

*nb: this post contains the word 'hammond' 14 times.

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Sunday, July 8, 2012

The Day After The Sabbath 72: August Suicidal [Denmark Special]

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TDATS 72: August Suicidal [Denmark '60-'70s heavy prog and psych] by Rich Aftersabbath on Mixcloud

I have only made one Nordic comp so far [recent edit: Here is Sweden, and Norway, and Finland, and Iceland] and I know there is still a lot of untapped potential for more, so here is my effort to represent Denmark's great heavies. Having been aware only of bloggers favourites like Moses, "Terje Jesper & Joachim", Blues Addicts and Hurdy Gurdy, I was pleasantly surprised at the quantity and quality I found after digging deeper. Like a lot of countries connected to mainland Europe, jazz/fusion rock seemed to be a particular favourite style of the Denmark's 70's prog outfits, though I have only included a couple of bands that were known for that genre, concentrating mainly on my predilection for the heavier fuzz-laden side of things...

01. Hair - Supermouth (1970)
       from album "piece"
02. Moses - Skaev (1971)
       from album 'changes'
03. Fleur De Lis - In Love (1972)
       from album 'facing morning'
04. Burnin Red Ivanhoe - August Suicidal (1974)
       from album 'right on'
05. Terje Jesper & Joachim - Ricochet (1970)
       from album 'terje jesper & joachim'
06. Beefeaters - Shakin' Fingerpop / Night Flight (1967)
       from album 'beef eaters'
07. The Old Man & The Sea - The Monk Song Part 2 (1972)
       from album 'the old man & the sea'
08. Secret Oyster - Black Mist (1974)
       from album 'sea son'
09. Hurdy Gurdy - Lend Me Your Wings (1970)
10. Blues Addicts - Simple Expression (1970)
       from album 'blues addicts'
11. Sume - Takornartaq (1974)
       from album 'inuit nunaat'
12. Daisy - Lucifer (1969)
13. Pan - They Make Money With The Stars [Pt 2] (1970)
       from album 'pan'
14. Pocket-Size - In One Or Another Condition (1970)
       from  retrospective 'in one or another condition'
15. System - While Nixon Plays The Piano (1974)
       from album 'sensory system'
16. Young Flowers - Slow Down Driver (1969)
       from album 'vol. 2'

Track 1's Hair hail from Denmark's capital, Copenhagen (Danish: København). They only made one album but they showed great talent, ranging from west coast-style psych to faster hard rockers like the track I used here; "Supermouth".

I used the Moses track 'Changes' on my last Nordic comp, here is my second pick from them; "Skaev" (Danish slang for 'stoned'), They were from the west Jutland peninsula town of Esbjerg and played mainly high-energy, hard psych/blues, with a few sabbathian riffs rising from the depths. This album was unearthed by the German label, Shodoks. Fleur De Lis were from the northern town of Aalborg. They made one album in 1972 and it's a varied multi-instrumental mix with male and female vox, ranging from folk to great hammond fuzzers like this instrumental track, "In Love".

Burnin Red Ivanhoe were another Copenhagen band, and one of the more successful here. They made a name for themselves in the european prog scene along with Danish contemporaries like Secret Oyster and Day of Phoenix. During the short life of the original lineup between 1969 and 1972 they released 4 albums. This comp's title track 'August Suicidal' is taken from a 1974 re-incarnation of the band that made one album, featuring former members Karsten Vogel, Bo Thrige Andersen, Ole Fick, with Kenneth Knudsen (drums) of Secret Oyster, and Karsten Lyng (vocals) from Day Of Phoenix.

Terje Jesper & Joachim 
"Terje Jesper & Joachim" originated from the beat group "The Unknown". The track here, "Ricochet", is some excellent raw, punky blues. Formed in 1968, they made one album and split in 1973. It was released by Spectator Records, a small Danish label that was home to a few bands in this comp. It was the first one to specialise in home-grown psych and prog therefore it's a good place to start if you want to investigate further. The band consisted of Terje Bandholdt (drums), Jesper Schmidt (guitar) and Joachim Ussing (bass). Ussing and Bandholdt would later play together in the band "Mo-i-ra-na", who I featured on my first heavy blues comp, "54: Late Night Woman Blues".

Copenhagen's Beafeaters are one of the earliest bands on here. Along with another Danish beat group "The Defenders", they were a launchpad for many rock musicians including Ole Fick (Burnin Red Ivanhoe, Secret Oyster), Nils Henriksen (Culpeper's Orchard, Mo-i-ra-na), Carsten Smedegaard (Midnight Sun) and Povl Dissing. I have included two tracks that were back-to-back on their 1967 debut. "Shakin' Fingerpop" is a groovy slab of freakbeat and "Night Flight" is a delectable psych instrumental with an almost space-rock feel and some innovative tape samples that lend even more to the hammond-lead, dreamy ambience.

The Old Man & The Sea were from Horsens, in the east of the Jutland peninsular. Their only record was a concept album based on Ernest Hemingway's last major work of fiction, "The Old Man and the Sea", an epic story of a wise old fisherman's battle with a large marlin. With their excellent heavy progressive musicianship, the band were reasonably successful and played lots of live shows, including Denmark's Roskilde Festival, along with opening slots for big name tours like Led Zeppelin and Ten Years After. There is an interview with the Organist Tommy Hansen here at the Psychedelic Baby webzine.

Secret Oyster
Secret Oyster was a jazz rock band that took it's name from the track "Secret Oyster Service" on Burnin Red Ivanhoe's second album, a band with which they shared members. Though most of their material veers towards the jazz fusion side of things, which is not so much to my particular taste, I had to include this track as I especially like the hypnotic intro/outro, with awesome phased keys and riffing. Some of you guys out there may dig the funky, saxy middle part....let me know if you do!

When Hurdy Gurdy formed in Denmark, the driving member was an english singer/bassist called Mac MacLeod. MacLeod seems to have been in interesting character and at the time was engaged in some correspondence with pop star Donovan who it is said, originally wrote the song "Hurdy Gurdy Man" for Mac. Due to numerous legal and work visa problems for various members, the band moved between The UK and Denmark a couple of times, at one point playing their rendition of "Hurdy Gurdy Man" to Donovan. He wasn't so happy with their heavy take on it and released his own version which became one of his defining hits. Whilst in the UK they did some recordings produced by Chris White and Rod Argent of The Zombies, from which this non-album track 'Lend Me Your Wings' is taken. MacLeod had left the band by the time they got around to releasing an album, he went on to join the post-Zombies band Argent for a while. Mac now has a website here where you can also download some other rare Hurdy Gurdy mp3s.

Blues Addicts
Blues Addicts recorded their sole album in 1970, the same year as Terje Jesper & Joachim, and they later shared a member with that band, bassist Joachim Ussing. Another later member, Carsten Valentin (C.V.) Jorgensen, went on to some solo acclaim and continues to make records now as a singer/songwriter who's main focus is 'biting social satire'. He has performed at Roskilde festival as recently as 2010. "Simple Expression" is some expressive bluesrock with seering leads from guitarist Ivan Horn.

Sume formed in Sorø, in the Region Sjælland, east Denmark. History recalls that founding members Malik Høegh and Per Berthelsen were from Greenland and met in Denmark while studying. It also says they were  "Greenland's first recorded rock band", though all three of their albums are labelled as Danish releases. If anybody out there can clarify their history that would be great! They had a quirky, catchy sound with progressive hints, not often heavy but groovy as hell at times and they certainly have some interesting ethnic flavour which I can only guess is some Danish/Greenland folk heritage coming through.

Daisy, Lucifer 45
I found Daisy via a couple of friend's recommendations who both came across this track on youtube around the same time. Apparently this single has only just come to light digitally. They made an album in 1975 and they included singer, songwriter and author Lars Muhl from Aarhus, the second-largest city in Denmark. 'Lucifer' starts out well enough but heavies-up nicely around the half-way mark and has some stella guitar/hammond interplay. The b-side was called 'Zimmerman', though I have been unable to find that.

Pan are another band that I have used on my previous Nordic comp, and I go back to the same s/t  album for this short and wicked instrumental groove-out, 'They Make Money With The Stars [Pt 2]'. Revealed by Danish obscurity label Frost, it appears that Copenhagen's Pocket-Size never released anything, and we only have Frost's 2003 retrospective made from live recordings and demos. It's a shame as this track shows their solid skills with some big stoned chops, ably assisted by great hammond.

Sensory System (1974)
The penultimate band here is 'System'. They made two albums in 1974-5 and 'While Nixon Plays The Piano' is taken from the first one called 'Sensory System'. It's a great, adventurous album, a convincing display of long multi-part song structures with plenty of heaviness, compelling axemanship and a fair amount of prog moves. It does remind in places of Budgie and Rush, partly because the decent frantic vocals are vaguely reminiscent of Geddy Lee and Burke Shelley, but also because it often reaches the level of those bands. A word of warning, don't bother with the second album, 'What We Are', it is far inferior and if you hear it first don't let it put you off looking for the excellent debut.

Young Flowers
Copenhagen's Young Flowers bring us the final track, they were one of Denmark's earliest heavy blues/psych bands, obviously indebted to Cream. They made two albums, both in 1969, and were the first Danish rock band to play in Canada and the US. The group consisted of Jens Henrik Dahl (guitar) from The Defenders, Peter Ingemann (bass and vocals), who had played in the Seven Sounds and Ken Gudman (drums) who also came from The Defenders. 'Slow Down Driver' is, in the main, some fairly pedestrian blues rock, but the psychedelic segues in between the verses are quite mesmerising, and there is definitely an emphasis on the guitar fuzz which a lot of you will dig.

Thanks for listening! Rich

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